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VOL.14 NO.4 OCT-DEC 2013
MEETINGS AND EVENTS
The Fifteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG15) of the EANET, 16-17 December, Chonburi, Thailand

 
The meeting participants of the fifteenth IG of EANET   

The Fifteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG15) was held on 16-17 December 2013 at Chonburi, Thailand. The event was jointly organized by the Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRC.AP), Secretariat for the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) and the Network Center (NC) for EANET, and hosted by the Government of Thailand. Representatives from the thirteen participating countries of EANET, namely, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Union of Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russia, Thailand and Vietnam participated in the meeting. Experts from various international organizations were invited to attend, namely, the Secretariat of Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP); United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE); Secretariat for Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutant (CCAC), Division of Technology, Industry and Economic (DTIE), UNEP; Secretariat of North-East Asian Subregional Programme for Environmental Cooperation (NEASPEC), Sub-regional Office for East and North-East Asia (ENEA), United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP); Asia Center for Air Pollution Research (ACAP); Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES); German International Cooperation - Thailand (Deutsche Gesellshaftfür Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH-GIZ-Thailand); and Kanazawa University.

His Excellency Dr. Pithaya Pookaman, Advisor to the Minister of Natural Resources and Environment of Thailand delivered a welcome address and opened the Session. Dr. Young Woo Park, the Regional Director of UNEP Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP ROAP), and Dr. Jonathan Shaw, the Deputy Director of RRC.AP, also gave welcome speeches to the participants. The Session considered and discussed several important issues on the EANET, which include among others: (i) the draft third report for policy makers, (ii) the review on the State of Air Pollution in East Asia, (iii) the draft report on future development of the EANET and on the progress of EANET since the Fourteenth Session of the IG (IG14).

 
Meeting of the Thematic Working Group on Climate Change and Health, 9-12 December, Jakarta, Indonesia

 
The TWG CC meeting participants   

The First Meeting of the Thematic Working Group on Climate Change and Health (TWG CC) of the Regional Forum on Environment and Health was held in Jakarta, Indonesia, from 9 to 12 December 2013. TWG CC was previously named as the Thematic Working Group on Climate Change, Ozone Depletion and Ecosystem Changes. The meeting was hosted by the Ministry of Environment of Indonesia, the Chair of the TWG CC. Over fifty health and environment officers from 20 governments attended the meeting. Apart from the Regional Forum member countries of Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Thailand, and Viet Nam, several countries from the Pacific and from South Asia (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Kiribati, Nepal, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Timor Leste, and Vanuatu) were also represented at the meeting. The meeting was an opportunity to: (i) introduce a number of scientific findings on the impacts of climate change on the environment and on human health; (ii) present the work of WHO and UNEP in the field of climate change and health; (iii) revise the status of climate change and health in several countries; and (iv) consequently draft the work plan of the Thematic Working Group. Also, the participants were introduced to the National Adaptation Plans (NAP) and participated in a workshop on how to develop and strengthen the NAP's health component. Finally, the meeting provided the venue to review some financing opportunities involving both the climate change mitigation and adaptation sectors.

The officers prepared and approved a set of recommendations to the Regional Forum on Environment and Health and to their respective Ministers, on how to better address environment and health issues in the context of a changing climate. Dr. Ram Lal Verma and Mr. Marco Silvestri represented RRC.AP in the meeting, participating as resource persons and supporting the TWG Chair and Regional Forum Secretariat together with UNEP and WHO.

 
The Twelfth Session of the Working Group on Future Development of the EANET, 14-15 October, Chonburi, Thailand

 
The working group of EANET   

The Twelfth Session of the Working Group on Future Development (WGFD12) of the Acid Deposition Monitoring Network in East Asia (EANET) was organized on 14-15 October 2013 in Chonburi, Thailand. RRC.AP as the Secretariat for the EANET, hosted the event. Representatives from the member countries namely, Cambodia, China, Japan, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam participated in the Session. The Network Center (NC) for the EANET; United Nations Environment Programme, Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (UNEP ROAP); Secretariat for the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and Its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia (Malé Declaration); Secretariat of the Atmospheric Brown Clouds (ABC) Asia; and the Asia Center for Air Pollution Research (ACAP) were also represented. Experts and representatives from Kanazawa University; Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES); German International Cooperation (Deutsche Gesellschaftfür Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)) were also invited.

Dr. Young-Woo Park, Regional Director of UNEP ROAP gave a welcome address. He called for a better coordination mechanism or modality to share information, avoid duplication, raise awareness on air pollution issue and enhance cooperation and coordination among the network. The Session considered and discussed several important issues on the EANET, such as: (i) the draft third report for policy maker, (ii) the review on the State of Air Pollution in East Asia, (iii) the draft report on the future development of the EANET, both for the secretariat arrangement and the extended scope of EANET activities, among others. The views and comments received from the WGFD12 would be submitted to the IG15 for consideration and decision.

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PUBLICATIONS
Recent publications of the Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its Likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia (Malé Declaration)

The 'Malé Declaration on Control and Prevention of Air Pollution and its likely Transboundary Effects for South Asia' is an intergovernmental network involving Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, the Republic of Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. Since its inception in 1998 the Malé Declaration National Focal Points (NFPs) and National Implementing Agencies (NIAs) have worked on a comprehensive set of activities, to build capacity in South Asia for the assessment of air pollution impacts and prevention and control options. The Malé Declaration Secretariat, the Regional Resource Centre for Asia and the Pacific (RRCAP) had recently released four publications as follows: (1) Malé Declaration 1998-2013: a Synthesis- Progress and Opportunities; (2) Data Analysis Report 2012; (3) Standard Operating Procedures (SOP): Manual for Wet and Dry Deposition Monitoring; and (4) Proceedings of the Seventh Regional Stakeholders cum Coordination Meeting (RSC7), 18-19 May 2013 and the Thirteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG13), 20 May 2013.

1. Malé Declaration 1998-2013: a Synthesis-Progress and Opportunities
  

The Malé Declaration 1998-2013: a Synthesis-Progress and Opportunities highlighted the achievements and results, challenges and opportunities and future steps on the implementation of the Malé Declaration. Works under the Malé Declaration provide an operational platform for gathering and disseminating reliable information on regional air pollution as a basis for envisaged policy development. The synthesis report presents the achievement of the Malé Declaration in areas as diverse as emission inventory preparation, air pollution monitoring and modelling, health, crop, ecosystem and corrosion impact assessment, integrated assessment modelling, the development of policy responses and awareness raising activities. The Malé Declaration has established a platform that can potentially deliver significant benefits for the people of South Asia and their environment. The Malé Declaration network is exclusively owned by the eight participating countries. This joint ownership is an obvious strength for optimal performance of its activities. Safeguarding and strengthening such ownership would facilitate funding of further implementation and programme delivery.

2. Data Analysis Report 2012
  

The monitoring results of 2009-11 have been discussed in the Data Analysis Report 2012. The eight countries participating in the Malé Declaration programme were required to carry out both wet and dry deposition monitoring. Dry deposition was monitored using two methods, viz. by using PM10 samplers (for PM10, SO2 and NO2) and using Diffusive samplers (for SO2, NO2 and O3). Wet deposition was monitored using Wet (Wet) and Wet (Bulk) samplers for pH, Ec, NH4+, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, SO42-, Cl- and NO3-. The monitoring parameters and methodologies were identified under the measurement protocol developed for each of the monitoring locations. The entire analytical data were submitted by the participating laboratories to NIAs which in turn forwarded the same to the Secretariat. Subsequently, the Monitoring Committee members held a discussion with each of the NIAs at the Refresher Training Course which is held regularly every year. After discussion, the Secretariat compiled and stored the monitoring data on the website of the network.

3. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP): Manual for Wet and Dry Deposition Monitoring
  

The Standard Operating Procedures (SOP): Manual for Wet and Dry Deposition Monitoring has been written to ensure standardization in data collection and handling. This is important as the Malé Declaration Network has eight member nations, all with different levels of expertise and capacities. The SOP Manual will also ensure that Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC) in the acidic deposition monitoring programme can yield high quality data that are robust enough for policy making. SOP is applied to a series of operations at monitoring stations and analytical laboratories, including sample collection and analysis, data reporting, and QA/QC. Data quality objectives (DQOs) are introduced to ensure that the precision and accuracy of the data obtained are within acceptable limits. While this SOP manual provides a framework for SOP to be followed by the Malé Declaration NIAs, they are encouraged to write more detailed SOPs that are specific to their corresponding countries.

4. The Proceedings of the Seventh Regional Stakeholders cum Coordination Meeting (RSC7), 18-19 May 2013 and the Thirteenth Session of the Intergovernmental Meeting (IG13), 20 May 2013
  

The proceedings summarized the reports of the two important meetings of the Malé Declaration, the RSC7 and the IG13, held in Dhaka, Bangladesh in May 2013. The IG13 acknowledged the Progress Report as presented in the document Malé Declaration/IG/13/1. It was concluded that the capacity of member countries to address the transboundary air pollution issues has been improved and enhanced. Member countries were requested to continue the monitoring activities and provide data to the Secretariat for data analysis. The Session approved the Phase V (2014-2016) of Malé Declaration. The Phase V aims to promote policy measures to control emissions of air pollution including short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) in South Asia and to ensure the sustainability and ownership of the Malé Declaration in the region. This would be done through the intergovernmental meetings, stakeholders networks, intergovernmental task forces, and regional technical centres for wet and dry deposition monitoring, crops and vegetation monitoring, soil monitoring, corrosion impact assessment, health impact assessment, emission inventories, modelling atmospheric transport of air pollution, and pollution reduction policies and strategies.

These four publications will be made available at the Malé Declaration website.

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UPDATES OF RRC.AP PROJECTS AND ACTIVITIES
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EANET newsletter volume 13 Summary report of SAC12 summary report of IG14