ECO-HOUSING PROGRAMME FOR THE ASIA PACIFIC REGION
The Asia Pacific region is home to more than half the world population- 3.6 billion out of 6 billion. Almost 40 % of the population now lives in cities. By 2025 urban areas will be home to more than half the regions population. The region has the fastest growing economies and a burgeoning middle class. The middle to high-income earners in Asia out-number those in America and Europe combined.
A priority for the emerging middle class is the purchase of a house. Globally, around 40 % of raw materials and energy and 16 % of the annually available fresh water, is consumed by the construction sector. The sector is a major contributor to Climate Change, accounting for around 35 % of global CO2 emissions. CO2 emission of an average home has been estimated to be equivalent to that from two cars.
Economic growth, urbanization and the changing consumption patterns is straining the urban infrastructure and the environment. Pollution, waste generation and resource depletion is a major issue in the urban areas of the region.
An estimated 70 % of the global poor are in Asia. Economic deprivation
increases the magnitude of pollution-related morbidity and mortality,
as the poor do not have the resources or capacity to adapt. It results
in further exclusion and marginalization of the poor. Pressures on urban
services such as piped water, sanitation, drainage, transport, health
care and education, affect the poor disproportionately. In addition, global
and local concerns like Climate Change, pollution, waste generation and
resource depletion, takes a greater toll of the poor and marginalized.
Many architectural traditions are also getting extinct due to over-emphasis
of techno-commercial aspects.
It is also important to remember that global and local issues, such as
those related to the consequences of climate change, pollution, waste
generation, and resource depletion, takes a greater toll on the poor,
the marginalized, and vulnerable groups (women and children). An estimated
70% of the global poor are in Asia. Pressures on urban services such as
piped water, waste collection, sanitation, drainage, transportation, health
care, and education, also affect the poor disproportionately. Eco-housing
concepts can help make poor communities more self-sufficient by encouraging
composting, alternative energy sources, and creating their own water supply
The project will be developed through Networking, Demonstration Projects, Knowledge Building, Educational initiatives, and Policy Guidance.