​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Atmospheric Brown Clouds (ABC)



Atmospheric brown clouds (ABCs) are widespread layers of brownish haze of air pollutants, such as aerosol particles (black carbon (BC) and non BC), and precursor gases (e.g. CH4, CO, NMVOCs, NOx), which produce aerosols and ozone. ABCs and their interaction with build-up of greenhouse gases significantly affect the regional climate, hydrological cycle, glacial melting, agriculture production, ecosystem and human health. [read more...]

Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) programme is addressing the issue of ABCs through measurements, impact assessment, demonstration of mitigation solutions, and creating awareness to underpin the issue at the policy forums. More than 200 scientists are working on ABCs, generating a wealth of science-based knowledge on sources, evidences of significant impacts, and demonstration of mitigation solutions.

ABC programme promote science-policy interface by engaging and providing a common platform to scientists, academia, researchers, students, government and non-government organizations, and international agencies. The objectives of science-policy interface are to create awareness and transfer the science-based knowledge to policy makers so that they can incorporate the knowledge in the policy making process.

ABC helped to develop consensus and effectiveness of available emission reduction technologies. Many governments have responded positively and developed national programmes or supporting national efforts to reduce the emissions of ABCs. ABC programme has also helped to place the ABCs issue in the international agenda.

Atmospheric Brown Cloud (ABC) Programme is an effort to mitigate near-term climate change and improve air quality for the better living of the human being.

ABC News

  • Prof. Ramanathan Receives Tang Prize Award

    Prof. V. Ramanathan (Chair ABC International Science Team) has won the third Tang Prize Award for sustainable development. Prof. Ramanathan has been studying the effects of greenhouse gases on global warming for the last 50 years. The Tang Prize has recognized him for his contributions to the atmospheric sciences. It is the professor's first major honor from Asia. For detail click here

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  • Hanimaadhoo Edition of PEMPHIS focussed on MCOH

    MCOH.pngA recent edition of the PEMPHIS was dedicated to Hanimaadhoo Island. The PEMPHIS is an Environmental News Letter of the Ministry of Environment and Energy, Government of Maldives. The edition included a detail article on Maldives Climate Observatory - Hanimaadhoo (MCOH) with an interview of    Dr. Krishnakant Budhavant, Resident Scientist of MCOH. In the interview, Dr. Budhavant has discussed regional air pollution and climate change issues and how the measurements conducted at the MCOH are important to address these issues. The scientific contributions of the MCOH Science Team is guiding the policy making process a... Read more..

  • South Asian Pollution Experiment 2016 (SAPOEX-16)

    The South Asian Pollution Experiment 2018 (SAPOEX-18) is now gearing up toward a new large high-intensity campaign to study the Climate Pollutant Outflow from South Asia in period Nov 2017- Mar 2018.  The MCOH will serve as the hub for the campaign with additional participating observatories, such as, Delhi (NPL) and Pune (IITM) from India; Univ. Of Dhaka and Bangladesh Climate Observatory Bhola (BCOB) from Bangladesh; and MCO-Gan from Maldives. The objectives of the campaign are to study Mass Absorption Cross Section (MAC) of ambient BC aerosols, optical properties of Brown Carbon (BrC), and differentiation of primary from secondary organic aerosols (POA and SOA) in the South Asian out... Read more..


BC e-Bulletin


  • Vacancy for postdoctoral fellow at Stockholm University, Sweden

    ​Applications are invited for a position of Postdoctoral Fellow by Stockholm University, Sweden. The researcher will contribute in ongoing research on Emissions of Aerosols from Agricultural Burning in South Asia under the project “Financial Dimensions of a key climate system ‘Wild Card':  The Atmospheric Brown Cloud over South Asia”. Interested applicants can apply through Stockholm University Recruitment System. Further information related to advertised position can be obtained from Prof. Örjan Gustafsson, also Director of the MCOH. Email: orjan.gustafsson@aces.su.se; Tel.: +46 70 324 73 17. For details please click here...

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